◄ Paper 69
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Paper 70

The Evolution of Human Government

The Genesis of War  •  The Social Value of War  •  Early Human Associations  •  Clans and Tribes  •  The Beginnings of Government  •  Monarchial Government  •  Primitive Clubs and Secret Societies  •  Social Classes  •  Human Rights  •  Evolution of Justice  •  Laws and Courts  •  Allocation of Civil Authority

NO SOONER had man partially solved the problem of making a living than he was confronted with the task of regulating human contacts. The development of industry demanded law, order, and social adjustment; private property necessitated government.


On an evolutionary world, antagonisms are natural; peace is secured only by some sort of social regulative system. Social regulation is inseparable from social organization; association implies some controlling authority. Government compels the co-ordination of the antagonisms of the tribes, clans, families, and individuals.


Government is an unconscious development; it evolves by trial and error. It does have survival value; therefore it becomes traditional. Anarchy augmented misery; therefore government, comparative law and order, slowly emerged or is emerging. The coercive demands of the struggle for existence literally drove the human race along the progressive road to civilization.

70:1 ►
The Urantia Book